Appendix G: Cleaning Syringes
PROTOCOL AND REFERENCES
When a sterile syringe is not available, there are several other measures that can still be taken to reduce the risk of transmitting HCV and HIV. These are included as part of a hierarchy or risk reduction strategies and cannot guarantee the removal of risk.
A new, sterile syringe should always be the first option.
- Any kind of soap
Proper Bleaching/Rinsing Technique
Cleaning Works!: A safety manual from Exchange Supplies available here.
The Syringe’s Role in Transmitting Disease Between Drug Users – RTI
Ciccarone, D. and P. Bourgois (2003). “Explaining the geographical variation of HIV among injection drug users in the United States.” Subst Use Misuse 38(14): 2049-63.
Abdala, N., A. A. Gleghorn, J. M. Carney and R. Heimer (2001). “Can HIV-1-contaminated syringes be disinfected? Implications for transmission among injection drug users.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 28(5): 487-494.