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Government Reports

Syringe Access

The following reports authored and/or commissioned by the federal government and Congress and dating back to 1991, have unanimously endorsed syringe exchange programs as effective HIV prevention that does not increase drug use.

Determination That a Demonstration Needle Exchange Program Would be Effective in Reducing Drug Abuse and the Risk of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Infection Among Intravenous Drug Users
Federal Register, Department of Health and Human Services; Washington, DC (2011)

Combating the Silent Epidemic of Viral Hepatitis: Action Plan for the Prevention, Care and Treatment of Viral Hepatitis
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); Washington, DC (2011)

National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States
The White House Office of National AIDS Policy (ONAP); Washington, DC (2010)

Comprehensive HIV Prevention for People Who Inject Drugs
The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR); Washington, DC (2010)

No Time to Lose: Getting More from HIV Prevention
Committee on HIV Prevention Strategies in the United States, Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Science; Washington, DC (2002)

Evidence-based Findings on the Efficacy of Syringe Exchange Programs: An Analysis of the Scientific Research Completed Since April 1998
Office of the Surgeon General, US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); Washington, DC (2000)

Interventions to Prevent HIV Risk Behaviors
National Institutes of Health Consensus Panel (NIH); Bethesda, MD (1997)

The Effectiveness of AIDS Prevention Efforts
Office of Technology Policy Assessment of the US Congress; Washington, DC (1995)

Preventing HIV Transmission: The Role of Sterile Syringes and Bleach
Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine; Washington, D.C. (1995)

The Public Health Impact of Needle Exchange Programs in the United States and Abroad: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
Prepared for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Atlanta, GA (1993)

Needle Exchange Programs: Research Suggests Promise as an AIDS Prevention Strategy
US Government General Accounting Office; Washington DC (1993)

The Twin Epidemics of Substance Use and HIV
National Commission on AIDS; Washington DC (1991)

Health GAP also compiled the document Government Studies in Support of Needle Exchange with additional resources.

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